By the mid 1830s many Americans were now having mixed fillings about slavery. In fact the nation was even threatened to separate over the whole issue. Perhaps it was one of the main reasons that the United States has fought the civil war. Basically the majority of the people living in the north were against slavery, and the white southerners were proslavery.
an evil. They said that it was immoral; that in a nation such as the United States, where principles of equality and freedom come from, slavery is wrong and shouldn’t exist. In addition, the north argued that the nation shouldn’t depend on only the crops produced by slaves. It should engage in other systems of commerce.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">In October of 1854, Abraham Lincoln made a speech about slavery at Peoria, Illinois. He said that slavery violates many principles of the United States’ politics. How can slavery exist in such a nation where freedom and equality exist? In this speech he warned all Americans that if they continue to exploit the slaves for profit then the nation may fall and even white man’s freedom could be jeopardized.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">In 1857, Hinton Helper has published a book called “The Impending Crisis”. In this book he stresses on the economic effects of slavery. He argues that the United States has grown so accustomed to slavery that it has forgotten other systems of commerce. He says that the nation cannot depend on only slavery and the staple crops. He suggests that the U.S. should start to seek other means of obtaining wealth. He says, “We must begin to feed on a more substantial diet than that of proslavery politics…. Before us there is vast work to be accomplished… It is not less a work than that of infusing the spirit of liberty into all our systems of commerce, agriculture, manufactures, government, literature, and religion.” He concludes by saying that “oligarchal despotism must be overthrown; slavery must be abolished.”</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Perhaps the one of the most influential pieces of literature against slavery was a book called “Uncle Tom’s Cabin” which was published in 1860. This book helped convince many Americans that not only was slavery wrong but it also reviled many negative aspects of a slave’s life. This book was widely sold. In fact, 135, 000 sets and 270, 000 volumes were sold to thousands of Americans and other people all over the world, convincing many people that slavery is wrong and immoral.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Contrast to the northern majority, white southerners viewed slavery as a positive good. They said that overall the slaves of the south, were treated much better than the workers in the factories in the north. They argued that the production of staple crops depends on the slaves. Lastly, the slaves did not only work on the plantations but also provided other services such as nursing the children of the whites.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">When Governor George McDuffie addressed the South Carolina legislature in 1835, he said that in many aspects the lives of slaves were actually better than those of some of the workers in the north. He said that the factories in the north had conditions that were even worse than those of slavery. He also discusses how many people starve in the public poorhouses in the north. He concludes by saying that the slaves never have to experience anything like this.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">In 1837, William Harper wrote a Memoir on Slavery. In this memoir he questions that if the abolitionists are successful then what is going to happen to the plantations of the south? He answers this question by saying that slaves are crucial to the production of the staple crops such as cotton. If slavery was to be ended than surely the production of cotton would be ended and with it the economy would plummet.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Another positive aspect of slavery was that not only were the slaves responsible for the crops but some were even given the task of nursing the children of the whites. This was paradoxical because the masters would not allow the slaves to own property or exercise civil rights, yet they entrusted their own children into the hands of the slaves. Many slaves served as a surrogate mother for the offspring of the planter class.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">As it can be seen both the north and the south had good arguments. The north said that slavery was wrong and evil. The south said that it was necessary for the country’s economy. However in the end history reveals that it was wrong and immoral. The nation is even forced to divide over this issue and fight one of the bloodiest wars which was called the Civil War.</p>
In the years of 1830-1860, many northern americans came to see slavery as an evil, while many southerners defended the institution as a positive good. Why did the North and South come to such different views of slavery in the years prior to the Civil War? You pretty much just restated the question but it is by far the best I have read. You need to try to say the same thing with different words. Make it your own statement. Leading to the Civil War slavery was the basis of the opposition between the north and south and they came to view slavery differently because both were inspired to their beliefs by the economy which brought about their moral beliefs.
The issue with slavery was really its expansion into the territories. The North was not actually trying to free the slaves in the South. They just didn’t want the institution to spread hoping that by eliminating the number of slave states that the South would eventually end slavery themselves. The South feared that with every new free state that the life of slavery was closer to an end.
Northern abolitionists felt that slavery was evil. Fugitive Slave laws caused many northerners to become abolitionists because of how they saw runaway slaves being taken back to the south. (Doc C) It also imposed high penalties for people who tried to help runaway slaves in the Underground Railroad. Uncle Tom’s Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe opened the eyes of northerners to the peculiar institution. (Doc H) Some felt that it was religiously wrong. (Doc D) The American Colonization Society wanted to deport the Africans to Africa. It was a competition between northern blacks and whites for jobs and there would be a lot more available if slavery was abolished or if they were deported altogether. Many people also thought that slavery went against the constitution which was based on equality and rights of man. (Doc F) We fought for independence then turned around and enslaved other people.
Way too much just referring to the documents. You are to write your essay. You are to give your answer and then plug in the documents where they belong. Tell the story and then cite the example. When you rely on the documents you are just restating what it says. Don’t limit yourself. Write your paper and then go back and cite what you have said with the document. Your writing does not have to say exactly what the document says it can infer.
The southern aristocracy depended on slave labour too much to believe it was wrong.
What exactly does that mean? Can you prove the next statement? What if they just hired immigrants to work the fields? They wouldn’t have to spend $1200 dollars. They could fire a person who wasn’t doing a good job. They wouldn’t have to provide shelter, clothing and food. Can you prove to me that without slavery that the South could not have produced as much cotton? They wouldn’t be able to export nearly as much cotton and they saw no reason to stop. (Doc B) If there was no slavery the southern aristocrats wouldn’t hold as much power and would be reduced to the same level as slave-less subsistence farmers.
Why would they not have a much power? They would still have a ton more land? They would still have their other personal properties. Southern slave owners felt slavery was a good thing because they said that slaves were better off there than living in the poverty stricken, crowded north working at a factory. (Doc A) Slave masters incorporated religion into a way that made slavery seem like an act of god and taught slaves to believe that god wanted them to work. (Doc G) The Free-Soil Party was against slavery in new territories. The South couldn’t let new territories become free states because they would ruin the balance and make slavery illegal. Not necessarily true statement.
They had to make sure that they were at least equal to the north in voting abilities. The Kansas Nebraska Act revoked the norths precious Missouri Compromise and said that they could decide on slavery with popular sovereignty. This caused more tension between the north and the south leading to the civil war. When Abraham Lincoln became president, the south saw it as the north will be able to take away their right to own slaves if they don’t secede from the Union. (Doc I)
You should have explained the K-N Act and the MC. What if I don’t know anything about them.