Breast cancer, as the name says it, develops from breast cells and it is the most invasive type of cancer in females. It consists in two different forms of disease, depending on the place it develops. Therefore, women can suffer from lobular carcinoma (cancer start from lobules, the glands that make milk) or from ductal carcinoma (cancer starts from ducts, the ones that carry milk to the nipple).
This affection is largely spread worldwide, as it accounts for 16% of all female cancers and 18.2% of all cancer deaths over the globe (both male and female included). What is more, in USA alone, there are 232,340 female breast cancers and 2,240 male breast cancers reported every year.
The most common symptoms of breast cancer are the following: lumps, pain, redness of breast skin, rashes around nipples, swelling, areas of thickened tissue, nipple discharges, sunken or inverted nipples, changes of forms and size in breasts and peeled, scaled or flaked breast skin. Unfortunately, these signs appear only after the disease has already installed. However, if patients get to be treated in good-time, severe complications can be avoided.
The causes of breast cancer have mostly been observed and learned though time, rather than infallibly settled. Scientists cannot tell exactly why some persons develop this affection, while others don’t. Therefore, they have come up with a list of factors that predispose women to breast cancer. These include getting older (due to menopause), genetics (family history of any type of cancer), prior cancer affections, non-cancerous lumps, dense breast tissue, high levels of estrogen exposure, obesity, height (for no scientific reasons, taller women are more exposed to breast cancer), alcohol consumption, radiation exposure, hormone replacement therapy (HRT), and certain jobs that suppose getting in contact with possible carcinogens and endocrine disruptors.
As any type of cancer, breast carcinoma can be invasive or non-invasive. In the case of invasive breast cancer, the abnormal cells are carried out of lobules and ducts, and spread all over the body organs through the bloodstream. Non-invasive cancer is less harmful, as the ill cells remain inside the lobules or ducts.
Detecting breast cancer supposes several tests. These include breast exams (for extern observable signs), x-rays (mammograms), breast ultrasounds (to differentiate between solid masses of tissues and fluid-filled cysts), biopsies (an invasive procedure that establishes if cells are cancerous) and MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scans. All these tests are used to determine the type of cancer, the stage of illness and its aggressiveness.
The treatment for breast cancer depends on its severity and it can consist in radiotherapy, surgery, targeted drug therapy, hormone therapy and eventually, chemotherapy.
In order to prevent the apparition of breast cancer, women must reduce at minimum the alcohol consumption, give up on smoking, exercise daily, control their body weight and choose to eat only healthy foods. Additionally, it has been proven that breast feeding reduces the chances of cancer. Postmenopausal hormone therapy must be closely monitored and women over 50 must go to periodically controls.
The 20th century is characterized by an abnormal growth of cancer diseases and it was proved there are hundreds of different types of this illness known to people. Only think how many unknown diseases are still there too. Despite the fact that many people with this disease can be cured by modern medicine, there is always a percentage of people are predetermined to die of this horrible disease.
What is cancer? It is uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the human’s organism. It may take place almost in each organ and sometimes it is not recognized and noticed until the very last stage. No wonder so many scientific studies are conducted on this topic. They all are organized in numerous academic and scientific work including breast cancer research paper for college students as it remains the main concern of the medical field.
More than half a million people die of this disease on a daily basis. Such terrifying statistics forces scientists to continue the experiments and studies of this problem.
Their main purpose is to save as many lives as possible, but they hardly have time to waste for proper organization. That is why here you can find information on how to write a research paper on breast cancer and save even more women’s lives.
What Is The Structure Of Breast Cancer Research Paper?
The importance of the topic makes it incredibly popular among young scientists and such papers serve as additional educational means to attract more attention to this problem. It is a very complicated topic, but it has a standard structure.
Writing a research paper about breast cancer it is important to include five basic parts into it.
- The introduction should contain the definition of the disease, its history and some statistics on the victims.
- The second paragraph speculates on the topic of the disease nature and its main types, and if you can add a detailed description of each type, it will be a plus.
- The third paragraph focuses on the breast disease causes. Usually there are three of them: heredity factor, age, and unsuitable diet, but you can also focus on some unique cases where the causes are rather ambiguous too.
- The fourth paragraph mentions the most popular ways treatment. Or you can choose to write a research paper on cancer breast treatment. Here one can mention how to detect this disease, the main therapy methods and the ways how to cope with the surgery consequences.
- The last paragraph is fully dedicated to conclusions of the work.
How To Write A Research Paper On Breast Cancer?
Apart from the standardly structured essays medical science offers a diversity of close to medicine topics that are to be described in scientific papers too. If you need to learn how to make a research papers on breast cancer contemporary and significant you can use the following ideas:
- Choose the best and most helpful treatments for cancer of breasts and describe them in the order from the least to the most effective one.
- Explore the topic of stem cells use in treatment.
- Hereditary breast cancer genes: are they a boost for women to undertake earlier examination?
- What foods that increase or decrease the risks of getting ill?
- How can pollution influence the development of this illness (provide some statistical data or facts from scientific studies) and are there any ways to protect yourself from it?
- List persuasive advice why women should make mammograms annually.
- What is metastatic illness and when it happens etc.
Some of these topics are closely connected with medicine, the others show how other conditions may influence the development of disease, but anyways all of them are incredibly important and require detailed research to be shown in the breast cancer research work too.