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French Useful Phrases For Essays On Friendship


Cher Paul..Marc…Jean…Papa

Chère Mathilde…Tante…Grand-mère…Maman

Chers Parents,

Main Body Of Letter.

Merci beaucoup de ta dernière lettre – Thanks for your last letter.

Merci pour la carte postale que j’ai reçue hier – Thanks for the postcard I got this morning.

J’ai reçu ta carte d’anniversaire hier matin – I got your birthday card yesterday morning.

Comment vas-tu et ta famille? – How are you and your family?

Comment allez-vous là-bas? – How are you all there?

Ça va bien, chez toi/chez-vous? – Everything alright with you?

Je m’excuse de ne pas avoir écrit depuis un mois – I’m sorry I haven’t written for a month

J’écris pour te dire de les nouvelles – I’m writing to tell you the news.

J’écris pour t’informer que… – I’m writing to tell you that…

J’ai reçu ton cadeau ce matin. Quelle surprise! – I got your present this morning. What a surprise!

Comment va ton père après son accident? – How is your Dad after his accident?

Comment est-ce que tu as fêté ton anniversaire? – did you celebrate your birthday?

Tu m’as demandé de te décrire une journée typique dans mon école – You asked me to tell you about a typical school day

J’ai des nouvelles à t’annoncer, je me suis cassé la main! – I have some news to tell you, I broke my hand!

Est-ce que tu veux venir en vacances avec nous ? – Do you want to go on holidays with us ?

Tu aimes le rugby mais ça m’énerve beaucoup! – You like rugby but it really annoys me!

Le film que j’ai vu ce weekend, c’était super chouette!  – The film I saw this weekend was brilliant!

Cette semaine à l’école, c’était casse-pieds! – This week at school was a pain in the neck!

Et toi, as-tu reçu de bonnes notes après les examens? – Did you get good grades in your exams?

Je crois que j’ai réussi à mes examens – I think that I passed my exams.

Comment as-tu passé les vacances de Pâques? – How did you spend the Easter holidays?

Je viens de finir mes examens –  I’ve just finished my exams.

Les maths étaient faciles/durs –  Maths were easy/difficult.


Voilà! C’est tout – Well that’s all!

Écris-moi bientôt/vite – Write to me soon

C’est tout pour l’instant – That’s all for now

Je dois te laisser –  I have to leave you

J’attends ta réponse avec impatience – I look forward to hearing from you

J’ai hâte d’avoir de tes nouvelles – I am looking forward to hearing your news.

Dis bonjour à tes parents – Say hello to your parents

Dis salut à tes copains/à ta soeur – Say hi to your friends / sister

Amitiés – Regards

Bien à toi – Yours

Related Notes

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How to Speak Basic French

Three Methods:Greeting Cheat SheetsBasic Phrase Cheat SheetsSpeaking Basic FrenchCommunity Q&A

French is a Romance language spoken by almost 175 million people worldwide. Today, it is used in countries all over the world including France, Belgium, Canada, Switzerland, Luxembourg, Monaco, Algeria, Cameroon, Haiti, Lebanon, Madagascar, Martinique, Morocco, Niger, Senegal, Tunisia, Vietnam, and is an official language in 29 countries as well as various international institutions such as the United Nations. It is one of the most beautiful and romantic languages in the world and, as a foreign language, is the second most frequently taught language in the world after English.


Speaking Basic French

  1. 1

    Memorize a new phrase or two every day and use them as part of your daily speech. Start by learning the more common and well-known words and phrases, including:
    • Bonjour - bon-jshor
    • Bonsoir - bon-swarh
    • Bonne nuit - bon-nwee
    • Au revoir - ohr-vwah
    • Salut - sa-loo
    • S'il vous plaît - see voo play
    • S'il te plaît - see te play
    • Merci (beaucoup) - mair-see (boh-koo)
    • Je vous en prie - zhuh voo zawn pree
    • De rien - duh ree-ahn
      • You're welcome [informal]
  2. 2

    Learn to continue speaking after you've exchanged greetings in French. Included here are some useful questions. Note that informal phrases are the ones you would use when speaking to friends, family and children, whereas formal phrases would be used when speaking to anyone older than you or anyone that you don't know, such as strangers, teachers, parents of your friends and anyone else you'd wish to speak very politely and respectfully to.
    • Comment allez-vous? - koh-mawn tahl-ay voo
    • Ça va? - sah vah
    • (Très) bien - (treh) bee-ahn
    • (Pas) mal - (pah) mahl
    • Malade - mah-lahd
    • Quel age as-tu ?
    • J'ai (how old you are) ans
    • Comment vous appelez-vous ? - koh-mawn voo zah-play voo
      • What is your name? [formal]
    • Tu t'appelles comment ? - tew tah-pell koh-mawn
      • What's your name? [informal]
    • Où habitez-vous ? - ooh ah-bee-tay voo
      • Where do you live? [formal]
    • Où habites-tu? - tew ah-beet ooh
      • Where do you live? [informal]
    • Vous êtes d'où ? - voo zet doo
      • Where are you from? [formal]
    • Tu es d'où ? - tew ay doo
      • Where are you from? [informal]
    • Parlez-vous anglais ? - par-lay voo on-glay
      • Do you speak English? [formal]
    • Tu parles anglais ? - tew parl on-glay
      • Do you speak English? [informal]
  3. 3

    Tell people about yourself! Here are some ways to answer some of the questions you just learned how to ask:
    • Je m'appelle ______ - zhuh mah-pell
    • J'habite à ______ - zhah-beet ah
    • Je suis de ______ - zhuh swee duh
    • l'Angleterre - lawn-gluh-tair
    • le Canada - kah-nah-dah
    • les États-Unis - ay-tah-zew-nee
    • l'Allemagne - lahl-mawn-yuh
    • Je (ne) parle (pas) ______ - zhuh (nuh) parl (pah)
    • français - frahn-say
    • anglais - on-glay
  4. 4

    Practice more everyday. Here are a collection of more questions and phrases that might be helpful should you travel to a French-speaking country.
    • Comment? - kohm-mawn
    • Comprenez-vous ? - kohm-pren-ay-voo
      • Do you understand? [formal]
    • Tu comprends ? - tew kohm-prawn
      • Do you understand? [informal]
    • Je (ne) comprends (pas) - zhuh (nuh) kohm-prawn (pah)
    • Comment dit-on _____ en français ? - kohm-mawn dee-tohn _____ on frahn-say
      • How do you say ______ in French?
    • Je ne sais pas - zhuhn say pah
    • Où sont _____ ? - ooh sohn
    • Voilà - vwah-lah
    • Où est _____ ? - ooh eh
    • Voici _____ - vwah-see
    • Qu'est-ce que c'est que ça ? - kess kuh seh kuh sah
    • Qu'est-ce qu'il y a ? - kess keel-ee-ah
    • Je suis malade. - zhuh swee mah-lahd
    • Je suis fatigué(e) - zhuh swee fah-tee-gay
      • I'm tired (add the 'e' if you are female - but pronounce it the same)
    • J'ai soif. - zhay swahf
    • J'ai faim. - zhay fawn
    • Qu'est-ce qui se passe ? - kess kee suh pahs
    • Je n'ai aucune idée. - zhuh neh oh-kewn ee-day
    • Tu m'attires - "too ma-teer"
    • Tu es attirant(e) - "too ey ah-teer-an(t)
      • You are attractive (if you are saying this to a girl, be sure to pronounce the t at the end. Avoid pronouncing the t if you're speaking to a boy).
  5. 5

    Label objects around the house. Try writing the word in french on a flashcard and the pronunciation on the other side and simply tape it to the correct object and flip it over if you wish to remind yourself of the pronunciation without becoming reliant on the "English-ized" spelling of the words. Here's some ideas of objects to label:
    • l'étagère - lay-tah-zhehr
    • la fenêtre - fuh-neh-truh
    • la porte - port
    • la chaise - shehzh
    • l'ordinateur - lor-dee-nah-tur
    • la chaîne hi fi - shen-hi-fi
    • la télévision - tay-lay-vee-zee-ohn
    • le réfrigérateur - ray-free-zhay-rah-tir
    • le congélateur - kon-zhay-lah-tur
    • la cuisinière - kwee-zeen-yehr

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Community Q&A

Add New Question
  • What are the basic colors in French?

    wikiHow Contributor

    Red is rouge, orange is orange, and yellow is jaune. Green is vert, blue is bleu, and purple is violet. Black is noir and white is blanc.

  • What are the names of days of the week in French?

    wikiHow Contributor

    Weeks have no capitals and are as follows; lundi is Mon.(loondi) Tues., mardi(murdee) Wed., mercredi, (mecridi) Thurs., jeudi, (judee) Fri., vendredi, (vonjredee) Sat., samedi (samdee) Sun., dimance. (deemanch).

  • How do I say "what are you doing" to a young child in French?

  • How do I say "I like chocolate" in French?

    wikiHow Contributor

    You can say: "J'aime le chocolat" if it is moderate or "J'adore le chocolat" if you are extemely fond of it.

  • How can I learn to read French?

    wikiHow Contributor

  • How do I say hello to a young child in elementary?

  • How do I read in French?

    wikiHow Contributor

    The alphabet makes similar noises to english except more soft and with the tongue closer to the throat than to the teeth. If you see a word ending with s or e, you don't pronounce it. Typically it goes like this: A,â,à-ah E,ê,è,oe - uh. If a word ends in t, the e will make an ey sound é- ey I,î- it's a mix between ah and uh. If a word ends with an e, the it will make an ee sound. oi- wah O,ô- oh U,û- oo ç- makes an s sound Sometimes if a word ends in re, it won't make a sound. And if you're ever really stumped, you can go on an online dictionary that is able to say the words and you can hear how it's pronounced.

  • How can I say, "OK, I'll do my best"?

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  • Subjects have articles such as "un" or "une," which are masculine and feminine: "un garçon (a boy)," and "une fille (a girl)." Subjects are either feminine or masculine. The articles "le" or "la" are specific subjects: "la glace (the ice cream)," and "le livre (the book)." Use "les" if the subject is plural: "les garçons (the boys)." Use the prefix "l' " if the subject starts with a vowel: "l'école (the school)."
  • When asking a question remember to bring up the pitch of your voice with each syllable, that will make it easier for a French person to understand that you're asking a question and they will probably be able to understand you better.
  • Read French books such as Le Fantom de l'Opera by Gaston Leroux. They will help you understand the language more.
  • Remember to use formal phrases when speaking to people that you wish to show respect towards, such as strangers, professors, bosses, etc. You would use informal phrases only when speaking to children, friends, or family members or to others when you wish to be rude.
  • Ask for help if you need it.
  • The French language was designed to be spoken very rapidly. Try renting or buying French films or DVDs with French dubbing so you can get used to hearing and understanding the phrases, even when spoken quickly.
  • If you're having a hard time, you can start with "I don't speak French": "Je ne parle pas le français". It is pronounced Je= Jeuu ne= neuu parle= parl pas= pa le= leuu français= fransay.


  • When traveling abroad it is highly advised that you learn more than these basic phrases. Consider taking a course at a local college or community centre.

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